Emerging & Additional Review Types

What are Emerging Knowledge Synthesis Reviews?

“Those that are not fully operationalised through the use of existing methods manuals and reporting guidelines and less frequently published in the health care literature than more standard methods” - Tricco and colleagues, 2016.

 

25 Unique methods:

Analysis methods

  • Content analysis
  • Grounded theory
  • Thematic analysis
  • Case survey method
  • Aggregate analysis
  • Qualitative synthesis
  • Framework analysis
  • Ecological triangulation
  • Inductive analysis
  • Integral meta-theory
  • Philosophic analysis
  • Pragmatic utility
  • Hermeneutic phenomenology

Full review methods

  • Integrative review
  • Meta-synthesis
  • Mixed studies review
  • Meta-interpretation
  • Concept synthesis
  • Critical interpretive synthesis
  • Meta-ethnography
  • Meta-narrative review
  • Meta-study
  • Meta-summary
  • Narrative synthesis
  • Realist review

 

Our team has published a series of 6 papers published in the Journal of Clinical Epidemiology:

  1. Perrier, L., Lightfoot, D., Kealey, M. R., Straus, S. E., & Tricco, A. C. (2016). Knowledge synthesis research: a bibliometric analysis. Journal of clinical epidemiology, 73, 50-57. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2015.02.019.
  2. Kastner, M., Antony, J., Soobiah, C., Straus, S. E., & Tricco, A. C. (2016). Conceptual recommendations for selecting the most appropriate knowledge synthesis method to answer research questions related to complex evidence. Journal of clinical epidemiology, 73, 43-49. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2015.11.022.
  3. Tricco, A. C., Soobiah, C., Antony, J., Cogo, E., MacDonald, H., Lillie, E., ... & Welch, V. (2016). A scoping review identifies multiple emerging knowledge synthesis methods, but few studies operationalize the method. Journal of clinical epidemiology, 73, 19-28. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2015.08.030.
  4. Tricco, A. C., Antony, J., Soobiah, C., Kastner, M., MacDonald, H., Cogo, E., ... & Straus, S. E. (2016). Knowledge synthesis methods for integrating qualitative and quantitative data: a scoping review reveals poor operationalization of the methodological steps. Journal of clinical epidemiology, 73, 29-35. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2015.12.011.
  5. Tricco, A. C., Antony, J., Soobiah, C., Kastner, M., Cogo, E., MacDonald, H., ... & Straus, S. E. (2016). Knowledge synthesis methods for generating or refining theory: a scoping review reveals that little guidance is available. Journal of clinical epidemiology, 73, 36-42. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2015.11.021.
  6. Straus, S. E., Kastner, M., Soobiah, C., Antony, J., & Tricco, A. C. (2016). Introduction: Engaging researchers on developing, using, and improving knowledge synthesis methods: a series of articles describing the results of a scoping review on emerging knowledge synthesis methods. Journal of clinical epidemiology, 73, 15-18. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2016.01.031.

  7. The series is published alongside presentation slides:

    A scoping review identifies multiple emerging knowledge synthesis methods, but few studies operationalise the method
    Knowledge synthesis methods for integrating qualitative and quantitative data: A scoping review reveals poor operationalisation of the methodological steps
    Knowledge synthesis methods for generating or refining theory: A scoping review reveals that little guidance is available
    Conceptual recommendations for selecting the most appropriate knowledge synthesis method to answer research questions related to complex evidence