Rapid Review Methods

    An international survey and modified Delphi approach revealed numerous rapid review methods

    Tricco AC, Zarin W, Antony J, Hutton B, Moher D, Sherifali D, Straus SE. An international survey and modified Delphi approach revealed numerous rapid review methods. J Clin Epidemiol. 2016;70:61-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2015.08.012

     

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    Bottom Line:

    • Revealed that numerous knowledge synthesis centers are conducting rapid reviews internationally, however few studies have evaluated the accuracy, comprehensiveness, potential risk of bias, timeliness, and feasibility of rapid review approaches

    Impact:

    • Findings from this study helped inform the conceptualization of the Systematic Prospective Assessment of Rapid Knowledge Synthesis (SPARKS) study comparing the results from rapid reviews to those obtained through systematic reviews

    Additional Resources:

    Funding:

    Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)


    A scoping review of rapid review methods

    Tricco AC, Antony J, Zarin W, Strifler L, Ghassemi M, Ivory J, Perrier L, Hutton B, Moher D, Straus SE. A scoping review of rapid review methods. BMC Med. 2015;13:224. DOI: 10.1186/s12916-015-0465-6

     

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    Bottom Line:

    • Numerous rapid review approaches were identified in the literature, however inconsistent usage and poor quality of reporting were observed among published rapid reviews

    Impact:

    • Highlighted the need to investigate the consequences of methodological shortcuts used in rapid reviews, which can impact the quality of health care decisions
    • Findings from this review helped inform the conceptualization of the Systematic Prospective Assessment of Rapid Knowledge Synthesis (SPARKS) study, comparing the results from rapid reviews to those obtained through systematic reviews

    Additional Resources:

    Funding:

    Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)


    Accuracy, reliability, impact, and efficiency of different methods for selecting studies, abstracting data, and appraising quality in a systematic review: A Systematic Review

    Impact:

    • Few studies exist documenting common systematic review practices. Included studies support several systematic review practices. These results provide an updated evidence-base for current knowledge synthesis guidelines, and methods requiring further research

    Protocol:

    Funding:

    Ontario Ministry of Research and Innovation

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    Date : 27 Oct 2017